Anatomy - International students, 1st year - summer semester


Last update: 20. 2. 2013
 

The Questions for the Final Exam in ANATOMY valid from 2010 / 2011
 

  1. a) The general structure of bone, the growth of bones
    b) Mediastinum, division, content
    c) Nervus trigeminus, first and second branch
    d) The spinal cord, spinal roots, the scheme of the spinal nerve
     
  2. a) Skull of a newborn infant
    b) The conducting system of the heart. Coronary arteries
    c) Nervus trigeminus, second and third branches
    d) The spinal cord, structure of the gray matter
     
  3. a) The general anatomy of the joints, The mandibular joint
    b) The description of the heart cavities and valves, the structure of the heart wall
    c) Nervus facialis
    d) The meninges, arteries and veins of the spinal cord
     
  4. a) Regio et fossa axillaris, shoulder joint
    b) The heart, description of chambers, the path of blood through the heart
    c) Nervus glossopharyngeus, nervus vagus
    d) Medulla oblongata, pons Varoli (cross-sections)
     
  5. a) Regio cubiti, elbow joint
    b) Heart, surface marking, innervation, vascular supply
    c) Nervus accesorius, nervus hypoglossus
    d) The cerebral ventricles and circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid
     
  6. a) The joints of the hand, canalis carpi.
    b) The general arrangement of the set of the teeth, dental arch as a whole, eruption and fixation of the teeth
    c) General structure of the spinal nerve
    d) Mesencephalon (cross-section), n. oculomotorius, n. trochlearis, n. abducens
     
  7. a) Articulations and ligaments of the pelvis, symphysis pubis
    b) The tongue, the soft and hard palate
    c) Plexus cervicalis
    d) Basal ganglia, structure, connections, function
     
  8. a) Hip joint, sacroiliac joint
    b) Pharynx
    c) Plexus brachialis
    d) Commissural and association fibres
     
  9. a) Knee joint, fossa poplitea
    b) Oesophagus
    c) Thoracic nerves, composition of a peripheral nerve
    d) The anatomical basis of the hypothalamo-hypophyseal regulations
     
  10. a) The talocrural and subtalar articulations
    b) The stomach and omental bursa. Hepatoduodenal ligament
    c) Plexus lumbalis
    d) Pathways of the pupillary light reflex
     
  11. a) The joints of the foot, arches of the foot and their maintaining
    b) Duodenum, division, topography, vascular supply
    c) Plexus sacralis
    d) Formatio reticularis
     
  12. a) Vertebral column, joints, ligaments, craniovertebral joints
    b) The small intestine, mesentery
    c) The cranial part of the parasympathetic system
    d) The cerebellum - structure
     
  13. a) The general anatomy of the muscle
    b) The salivatory glands, topography, innervation
    c) Truncus sympaticus
    d) Main functional areas of the cerebral cortex
     
  14. a) The masticatory and facial muscles
    b) The large intestine. Appendix.
    c) The sacral part of the parasympathetic system
    d) The motor pathways of the spinal cord
     
  15. a) The muscles of the neck. Scalenic fissure.
    b) Rectum
    c) The prevertebral sympathetic ganglia and plexuses
    d) The sensory pathways of the spinal cord
     
  16. a) The thorax muscles, function, mechanism of breathing
    b) Liver, structure, relations, blood circulation
    c) The vertebro medullary topography, sensory and motor radicular areas
    d) Visual pathway, visual cortical areas
     
  17. a) The anterior abdominal wall, structure. The umbilical region
    b) Pancreas, structure, topography, vascular supply
    c) Main lymphatic ducts
    d) The acoustic and vestibular pathways
     
  18. a) The inguinal canal and inguinal region (inguinal hernia)
    b) Extrahepatic biliary ducts, hepatoduodenal ligament
    c) The azygos vein, cavocaval anastomosis
    d) The limbic system
     
  19. a) Lacuna vasorum et musculorum, femoral hernia
    b) The peritoneal cavity, division. Supramesocolic part
    c) The lymphatic drainage of the breast, lungs and oesophagus
    d) Afferent connections of the cerebellum
     
  20. a) The muscles of the pelvic floor
    b) The external nose, the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses
    c) Inferior vena cava, cavocaval anastomosis
    d) Efferent connections of the cerebellum
     
  21. a) The diaphragm, mechanism of breathing
    b) The spleen, the splenic vein
    c) Cranial veins, the venous sinuses of the dura mater, the cerebral veins
    d) Diencephalon, division
     
  22. a) The muscles of the shoulder girdle, deltoid region
    b) The larynx and trachea, koniotomy, tracheotomy
    c) Vena jugularis interna
    d) The fourth ventricle, cranial nerve nuclei
     
  23. a) The muscles of the arm, brachial region
    b) Pleura, pleural cavity, pneumothorax
    c) The azygos vein, portocaval anastomosis
    d) Thalamus, internal capsule
     
  24. a) The muscles of the forearm, canalis carpi
    b) The lungs, the bronchopulmonary segments
    c) The portal vein, portocaval anastomosis
    d) The olfactory and gustatory pathways, the olfactory nerve
     
  25. a) The muscles of the hand, vaginae synoviales
    b) The thyroid gland and parathyroid glands, surgical approach
    c) The superior vena cava, cavocaval anastomosis
    d) Basal ganglia, structure, connections, function
     
  26. a) The muscles of the pelvic girdle
    b) The mammary gland, structure, topography, vascular supply and lymphatic drainage
    c) The vein of the upper and lower extremity
    d) Chemical systems of the brain
     
  27. a) The muscles of the thigh, femoral triangle
    b) The urinary bladder, the prostate. Ureter and renal pelvis.
    c) Aorta ascendes, arcus aortae, aorta thoracica
    d) The eyeball (structure, vessels and nerves)
     
  28. a) The muscles of the leg, retromalleolar regions
    b) The kidney. Structure, topography, vascular supply. Adrenal gland.
    c) Aorta abdominalis, paired visceral and parietal branches
    d) The eyelids, the conjunctiva, the lacrimal apparatus
     
  29. a) The muscles of the foot, plantar region
    b) The male and female urethra
    c) Arteria vertebralis, arteria basilaris
    d) The olfactory and gustatory pathways, the olfactory nerve
     
  30. a) The muscles of the back, the suboccipital muscles
    b) Pharynx
    c) The lymphatic drainage of the uterus, vagina and ovary
    d) The bony and membranous labyrinth, the vestibulo-cochlear nerve
     
  31. a) The scalp, the frontal region
    b) The testis and epididymis, scrotum
    c) Arteries of the upper extremity
    d) The tympanic cavity and auditory tube
     
  32. a) The facial region
    b) The deferential duct, seminal vesicles, prostate
    c) Arteries of the lower extremity
    d) The motor pathways of the spinal cord
     
  33. a) The lateral triangle of the neck
    b) The penis
    c) Aorta abdominalis, unpaired visceral branches
    d) Thalamus, internal capsule
     
  34. a) Knee joint, fossa poplitea
    b) The regional anatomy of the male pelvis
    c) Arteria iliaca externa et interna
    d) The sensory pathways of the spinal cord
     
  35. a) Topography of the vertebral canal (lumbar puncture)
    b) The uterus and uterine tube, the broad ligament of the uterus
    c) Arteria carotis externa
    d) The fourth ventricle, cranial nerve nuclei
     
  36. a) The inguinal canal and inguinal region (inguinal hernia)
    b) The ovary and the uterine tube
    c) Arteria subclavia, TOS syndrome
    d) The sensory pathways of the spinal cord
     
  37. a) Trigonum caroticum, trigonum submandibulare
    b) The uterus, structure, topography, fixation
    c) The lymphatic drainage of the head and neck
    d) Main functional areas of the cerebral cortex
     
  38. a) Vertebral column, joints, ligaments, craniovertebral joints
    b) The vagina and the cervix of the uterus (structure, relations)
    c) The portal vein, portocaval anastomosis
    d) The vascular system of the brain (arteries and veins)
     
  39. a) The anterior abdominal wall, structure. The umbilical region
    b) The regional anatomy of the female pelvis
    c) The lymphatic drainage of the extremities
    d) The anatomical basis of the hypothalamo-hypophyseal regulations
     
  40. a) The talocrural and subtalar articulations
    b) The external genital organs of the female
    c) Arteria carotis interna
    d) The motor pathways of the spinal cord
     
  41. a) Regio et fossa axillaris, shoulder joint
    b) The peritoneal cavity, division. Inframesocolic part
    c) Arteria maxillaris
    d) Thalamocortical connections
     
  42. a) The diaphragm, mechanism of breathing
    b) The larynx and trachea, koniotomy, tracheotomy
    c) Arteria vertebralis, arteria basilaris
    d) Spinal reflexes
     
  43. a) The structure of the vertebrae, connections of the vertebral column
    b) Duodenum, division, topography, vascular supply
    c) Arteria carotis interna
    d) Visual pathway, visual cortical areas
     
  44. a) Basis cranii interna et externa (demonstration with skull)
    b) Extrahepatic biliary ducts, hepatoduodenal ligament
    c) Plexus brachialis
    d) The acoustic and vestibular pathways
     
  45. a) The muscles of the eyeball, the regional anatomy of the orbit
    b) Mediastinum, division, content
    c) The lymphatic drainage of the stomach, pancreas and bowels
    d) The limbic system
     

Total number of questions: 45

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