Internal Medicine - International students, 6th year


Last update: 24. 9. 2013
 

State exam questions (valid from October 1st, 2013)
 

  1. Acute heart failure
  2. Chronic heart failure and its complex therapy
  3. Valvular disorders of the aortic ostium
  4. Valvular disorders of the mitral ostium
  5. Coronary artery disease - acute forms
  6. Chronic coronary artery disease - classification, etiology
  7. Chronic coronary artery disease - diagnostics, therapy
  8. Acute myocardial infarction
  9. Complications of myocardial infarction
  10. Shock
  11. Arterial hypertension
  12. Secondary hypertension
  13. Pulmonary embolism
  14. Congenital valvular heart defects in adults
  15. Inflammatory disorders of heart (myocarditis, pericarditis, ...)
  16. Infective endocarditis
  17. Cardiomyopathies
  18. Cardiac tamponade
  19. Atrial arrhythmias
  20. Ventricular arrhytmias
  21. Atrial fibrillation - symptomatology, diagnosis and therapy
  22. Cor pulmonale
  23. Circulatory and breathing arrest, cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  24. Disorders af aorta
  25. Disorders of brain arteries, stroke
  26. Acute and chronic disorders of arteries in lower extremities
  27. Acute and chronic disorders of veins in lower extremities
  28. Vasculitis
  29. ANCA associated vasculitis
  30. Nephrotic syndrome
  31. Serious affections of kidneys in relation to internal diseases (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, poisoning)
  32. Urinary tract infections
  33. Urolithiasis
  34. Acute and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
  35. Chronic glomerulonephritis
  36. Tubulointerstitial nephritis and pyelonephritis; cystic disease of the kidney
  37. Staging of chronic nephropathies (regardless of etiology)
  38. Acute kidney failure
  39. Chronic kidney failure
  40. Acid-base balance and its disturbances
  41. The most frequently observed disturbances of fluid and electrolyte balance
  42. Transplantation of vital organs; elimination methods
  43. Vascular nephropathy
  44. Benign disorders of the thyroid gland; goiter
  45. Hyperthyroidism and its complications
  46. Hypothyroidism and its complications
  47. Inflammatory and tumor disorders of the thyroid gland
  48. Parathyroid gland disorders
  49. Basic hypothalamic and pituitary disorders
  50. Disorders of adrenal cortex
  51. Disorders of adrenal medulla
  52. Type I diabetes mellitus
  53. Type II diabetes mellitus
  54. Acute complications of diabetes mellitus
  55. Chronic complications of diabetes mellitus
  56. Obesity
  57. Community-acquired pneumonia
  58. Hospital-acquired pneumonia
  59. Pulmonary tuberculosis
  60. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis
  61. Bronchial asthma - classification, therapy and prevention
  62. Acute bronchial asthma
  63. Chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis
  64. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) - diagnosis and therapy in a stable patient
  65. Acute exacerbation of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  66. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
  67. Lung cancer
  68. Pleural effusions
  69. Pneumotorax
  70. Acute and chronic respiratory insufficiency
  71. Anemia - classification, etiology, symptomatology
  72. Principles of transfusion medicine
  73. Iron deficiency anemia
  74. Megaloblastic anemia
  75. Hemolytic anemia and anemia of chronic disease
  76. Acute and chronic leukemia
  77. Lymphomas - classification, diagnosis, therapy
  78. Plasmacytoma and plasma cell disorders
  79. Disturbances in coagulation - bleeding disorders
  80. Disturbances in coagulation - hypercoagulation state
  81. Disseminated intravascular coagulation
  82. Degenerative disorders of joints and spine
  83. Chronic inflammatory arthropathies; rheumatoid arthritis
  84. Acute rheumatic fever
  85. Ankylosing spondylitis and spondylarthropathies
  86. Systemic rheumatic disease (scleroderma, polymyositis, dermatomyositis)
  87. Systemic lupus erythematosus
  88. Osteoporosis and osteomalacia
  89. Gout and porphyrias
  90. Disturbances of lipid metabolism
  91. Atherosclerosis
  92. Gastrointestinal bleeding
  93. Disorders of oesophagus
  94. Peptic ulcer disease
  95. Tumors of stomach
  96. Inflammatory bowel disease
  97. Colonic polyps and colorectal cancer
  98. Non-neoplasmatic disorders of bowel - diverticulosis, diverticulitis
  99. Gastrointestinal functional disorders
  100. Malabsorption syndrome
  101. Cholelithiasis and its complications
  102. Acute and chronic pancreatitis
  103. Acute hepatitis
  104. Chronic hepatitis
  105. Liver cirrhosis
  106. Portal hypertension - classification, complication, therapy and prognosis
  107. Acute and chronic liver failure
  108. Liver, bile duct, gallbladder and pancreas tumors
  109. Parenteral nutrition
  110. Principles of enteral nutrition
  111. Differences in the course, clinical presentation, diagnostics and therapy of internal diseases in elderly; functional geriatric examination
  112. Geriatric frailty syndrome and rational pharmacotherapy in elderly
     

Occupational diseases

  1. Occupational diseases, endangerment by occupational disease, list of occupational diseases, social-legal aspects and compensation of occupational diseases
  2. Allergic occupational diseases (bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, acute extrinsic allergic alveolitis, occupational dermatitides)
  3. Occupational interstitial fibroses (asbestosis, chronic extrinsic allergic alveolitis / hypersensitivity pneumonitis)
  4. Diseases caused by asbestos (malignant and non-malignant)
  5. Silicosis, coal workers´ pneumoconiosis
  6. Inhalation damage or the airways and lungs due to irritant gases and toxic chemicals: chlorine, nitrogen oxides, elemental mercury, gasoline (aspiration), metal fume fever
  7. Intoxication with lead and mercury
  8. Intoxication with pesticides (organophosphorous and carbamate insecticides, warfarin rodenticides)
  9. Intoxication with methylalcohol, ethylene glycol and ethylalcohol
  10. Intoxication with organic solvents (general features, gasoline, toluene, trichloroethylene, benzene, carbon tetrachloride)
  11. Intoxication with carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide and cyanides
  12. Intoxication with methemoglobinizing agents (aniline, nitrobenzene, pharmaceuticals)
  13. Intoxication with mushrooms (A. phalloides, A. pantherina, Psilocybe, Cortinarius orellanus)
  14. Intoxation with pharmaceuticals (general management, poisoning with benzodiazepines, paracetamol, morphine, tricyclic antidepressants)
  15. First aid and treatment of acute poisonings - general measures, the importance of charcoal; ingestion of acids and alkalis; toxic household products; Poison Information Centres
  16. Occupational damage due to ionizing radiation (acute radiation disease, dermatitis, cataract, fertility damage, tumours) - diagnostics, dose evaluation and treatment
  17. Occupational carcinogens (chemical and physical factors, IARC classification, diagnostic criteria for occupational cancer in the Czech Republic)
  18. Diseases of nerves, vessels and musculoskeletal system due to vibrations or long-lasting overload of the extremities - diagnostics, clinical and hygienic criteria, therapy
     

Differential diagnostic questions

  1. Chest pains
  2. Syncope
  3. Hypertension
  4. Heart murmurs
  5. Haematuria
  6. Proteinuria
  7. Edemas
  8. Dehydratation
  9. Dyspnoea
  10. Cough
  11. Haemoptysis
  12. Differential diagnostics of interstitial lung processes
  13. Differential diagnostics of pleural effusions
  14. Differential diagnostics of disease associated with bronchial obstruction
  15. Coma
  16. Dyslipidemias
  17. Anemias
  18. Hepatosplenomegaly
  19. Lymphadenopathies
  20. Bleeding disorders
  21. Abdominal pain
  22. Vomiting
  23. Enterorhagia
  24. Jaundice
  25. Focal liver processes
  26. Bowel inflammations
  27. Ascites
  28. Fever
  29. Joint pain
  30. Differential diagnostics of pain in the extremities
  31. Differential diagnostics of hypoglycaemia
  32. Differential diagnostics of ileus
     

Total number of questions: 162

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