Surgery - International students, 6th year

Last update: 27. 11. 2015

Questions applicable in the academic year 2015/2016


  1. Surgery of the esophagus - congenital defects, injury, diverticula, Achalasia, Gastroesophageal reflux disease, tumours.
  2. Surgical treatment of the wound, wound infection and its prevention
  3. Colorectal carcinoma.
  4. Preoperative preparation and postoperative care (general principles. Special situation - e.g. icterus, malnutrition, pulmonary disease, large ventral hernias)
  5. Acute abdomen - inflammatory diseases - clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment.
  6. Stress and shock: response, general principles of antishock therapy.
  7. Groin hernias - clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment.
  8. Surgery of the stomach.
  9. Acute abdomen - intestinal obstruction - clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment.
  10. Complications of cholelithiasis.
  11. Acute appendicitis.
  12. Surgical treatment of the pancreatic diseases.
  13. Acute abdomen - classification, diagnosis, the main principles of treatment.
  14. Burns, electrical injuries, chilblains.
  15. Small intestine diseases.
  16. Peptic ulcers of the stomach and duodenum.
  17. Sepsis and Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrom (SIRS) - clinical presentation, diagnosis, principles of treatment.
  18. Antibiotics in surgery (profylaxis, treatment), nosocomial infection.
  19. Jaundice - differential diagnosis and possibilities of treatment.
  20. Anorectal diseases - clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment.
  21. Special features of appendicitis in children and in the elderly.
  22. Common postoperative complications - prevention, diagnosis, treatment.
  23. Surgery of the liver and extrahepatic biliary tree.
  24. Ileus with strangulation.
  25. Tumours of the pancreas.
  26. Portal hypertension - indication for surgery and problems of surgical treatment.
  27. Acute bleeding in the upper gastrointestinal tract.
  28. Breast diseases.
  29. Traumatic haemoperitoneum.
  30. Acute and chronic pancreatitis.
  31. Surgery of the spleen.
  32. Hernias - clinical presentation, complications, indication for surgical treatment.
  33. Septic patients in surgery.
  34. Open injury of the abdomen.
  35. Surgery of the gallbladder and biliary tree.
  36. Blunt injury of the abdomen.
  37. Complications of peptic ulcers of the stomach and duodenum, treatment of them.
  38. Disturbances of surgical wound healing.
  39. Surgery of the thyroid gland.
  40. Pneumothorax, haemothorax, injury of the thorax.
  41. Diagnostic and curative endoscopic procedures.
  42. Critical care management of the trauma patients.
  43. Nonspecific inflammatory bowel diseases. Complications of antibiotic treatment with regard to the colon.
  44. Obstructive icterus - diagnosis and treatment.
  45. Tumours of the stomach - possibilities of surgical treatment.
  46. Right lower quadrant abdominal pain - differential diagnosis.
  47. Breast carcinoma.
  48. Upper abdominal pain - differential diagnosis.
  49. Mechanical ileus, ileus disease.
  50. Surgical approach to the body cavity - basic terms, advantages or disadvantages of open and miniinvasive surgery.
  51. Acute abdomen as result of the abdominal trauma.
  52. Blood in stool - differential diagnosis.
  53. Inflammatory diseases of the colon.
  54. Vomiting - differential diagnosis and treatment.
  55. Disorders of the gallbladder.
  56. Paralytic and vascular ileus - differential diagnosis, treatment.
  57. Hernias of the anterior abdominal wall.
  58. Tumours of the gastrointestinal tract - clinical presentation, diagnosis, TNM classification. Multimodal cancer therapy.
  59. Tumours of the lung.
  60. Cancer of the lung.
  61. Acute abdomen as the result of perforation of intraabdominal organs - clinical presentation, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment.

Pediatric surgery

  1. Chest wall defomities.
  2. Lung surgery in children.
  3. Mediastinum.
  4. Diaphragmatic hernias.
  5. Esophageal disorders in children.
  6. Duodenal and small intestine atresias and stenosis.
  7. Anorectal malformation.
  8. Hirschsprung disease.
  9. Abdominal wall defects.
  10. Liver and biliary surgery in children.
  11. Malrotation.
  12. Hernias in children.
  13. Undescended testis, phimosis, paraphimosis, conglutination.
  14. Acute conditions of the scrotum.
  15. Abdominal mass in children.
  16. Appendicitis in children.

Trauma surgery

  1. Classification of fractures.
  2. Fractures in the shoulder region.
  3. Soft tissue trauma of the shoulder.
  4. Trauma of the elbow and humerus.
  5. Fractures of the forearm with regards to age .
  6. Fractures of the wrist and hand with regards to age .
  7. Pelvic fractures.
  8. Fractures of the hip and acetabulum.
  9. Fractures of the proximal femur.
  10. Fractures of the femoral diaphysis.
  11. Fractures around the knee joint.
  12. Knee “soft tissue” injuries.
  13. Fractures of the shin with regards to age .
  14. Fractures of the ankle.
  15. Fractures of the hindfoot.
  16. Tratment of diaphyseal fractures with regards to age .
  17. Open fractures – classification, strategy of treatment, first aid.
  18. Traumatic joint dislocations, posttraumatic joint instability.
  19. Complications and sequelae of conservative and surgical management of fractures.
  20. Specifics of fractures in children.
  21. Trauma of the growth plate.
  22. Fractures of C spine.
  23. Fractures of Th spine.
  24. Fractures of L spine.
  25. Injury of ligaments, tendons and muscles.
  26. Compartment syndrome.
  27. Injuries to the teeth and supporting apparatus
  28. Soft tissue injuries
  29. Injuries of the facial skeleton

Anaesthesiology and resuscitation

  1. Advance life support
  2. Shock; types, treatment
  3. Infusion and transfusion treatment
  4. Multiple trauma in emergency care
  5. Head trauma in intensive care
  6. Local anaesthesia; indication, types
  7. Preparation for general anaesthesia, premedication
  8. General anaesthesia, basic terms, types


  1. Developmental anomalies – skull, brain
  2. Developmental anomalies – spine, spinal cord
  3. Hydrocephalus – classification and treatment
  4. Brain tumors – adults
  5. Brain tumors – children
  6. Spine and spinal cord tumors
  7. Infections – skull, brain
  8. Intervertebral disc herniation – evaluation and treatment
  9. Peripheral nerve injury, entrapment neuropathy
  10. Nontraumatic intracraniall hemorrhage
  11. Cerebral ischemia, carotid artery stenosis
  12. Craniocerebral injury – classification, intracranial pressure, level of consciousnes
  13. Focal craniocerebral injury – contusion, hematoma
  14. Diffuse craniocerebral injury, skull fracture
  15. Spine and spinal cord injury
  16. Epilepsy surgery and functional neurosurgery

Cardiac Vascular surgery

  1. Surgical treatment of ischemic heart disease.
  2. Acute and late mechanical complications of myocardial infarction. Principle of extracoropreal circulation (heart-lung machine)
  3. Surgical treatment of aortic, mitral and tricuspid valve diseases.
  4. Types of valvular prosthesis. Surgical treatment of infective endocarditis.
  5. Thoracic aorta aneurysm and aortic dissection. Types, etiology, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment.
  6. Heart trauma and great vessel trauma.
  7. Congenital heart diseases in adults (ASD, AVSD,VSD, Tetralogy of Fallot, aortic coarctation )
  8. Basic principles of procedures in vascular surgery. Types of grafts and vascular prosthesis.
  9. Acute arterial occlusions. Compartment syndrome, myonephropatic syndrome. Diagnosis and treatment.
  10. Chronic arterial occlusions. Fontain classification.
  11. Diseases of the aorta, aortic arch branches, and aortoiliac arteries. Etiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, treatment
  12. Diseases of the femoropopliteal and crural arteries.Etiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, treatment
  13. Diseases of the great veins. Acute, chronic. Etiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, treatment
  14. Varicose veins of the lower extremities. Vascular Access for haemodialysis.
  15. Czech transplant program legislation. Organ/tissue donors categories. National coordination of the organ transplant program. Organs harvesting and allocation principles. Basic principles of the immunosuppression therapy.
  16. Indication, technique of specific organ harvesting ant transplantation (kidney, liver, pancreas, heart, lungs, small intestine and multiorgan transplants), results.

Total number of questions: 146

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