Orthopaedics - International students, 5th year


Last update: 3. 10. 2011
 

  1. History of orthopaedics
    • Czech orthopaedic history
    • world orthopaedic history
    • consequences for the presence
    • position of orthopaedic specialty in a society
       
  2. Anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology of bones and joints
    • capsule, ligaments, tendons
    • articular cartilage
    • synovial fluid
    • muscle attachments, joint movements
    • bone structure and architecture
    • bone morphology
    • pathologic conditions
       
  3. Bone, ligament and tendon healing
    • process of callus formation
    • bone resorbtion
    • bone mal-union, delayed union, non union (pseudoarthrosis)
    • soft tissue healing, scarf formation, haematoma resorbtion
       
  4. Limb Trauma in children and adults
    • wounds, fractures, open fractures
    • specific types of paediatric fractures
    • classification of fractures
    • fracture healing
    • osteosynthesis
       
  5. Basics of orthopaedic surgery
    • history
    • basic principles
    • types of procedures
       
  6. Osteosynthesis
    • indication schemes
    • basic principles
    • implant types
    • type of fixation
       
  7. Principles of internal osteosynthesis and healing
    • biologic healing
    • callus formation
    • principles of stable osteosynthesis
    • implant types, fixation, stability
    • specifics in paediatric patients
       
  8. Principles of external osteosynthesis
    • types of surgeries
    • indications
    • types of external fixators
    • principles of application
       
  9. Orthopaedic surgery for rheumatoid patients
    • types of surgeries
    • indications
    • basic principles and pitfalls
    • perioperative care
    • specifics in rheumatoid patients
       
  10. Prothetics
    • types of prosthesis
    • indications
    • basic principles of prosthetic treatment
       
  11. Orthotics
    • types of orthosis
    • braces
    • applications
    • indications, contraindications
       
  12. Mini-invasive surgery in orthopaedics
    • principles of arthroscopy
    • anatomical locations, spectrum of surgery
    • anatomical exposures
    • types of surgeries according to locality
    • chronic/emergency indications
       
  13. Arthroscopy of the shoulder
    • principles
    • typical pathologies
    • indications
    • shoulder anatomy
       
  14. Arthroscopy of the knee
    • principles
    • typical pathologies
    • indications
    • shoulder anatomy
       
  15. Alloplasty
    • types of alloplasty
    • principles of alloplasty
    • cementing principles
    • indications
       
  16. Orthopaedic neonatal screening
    • timing of screening
    • clinical assessment
    • ultrasonography
    • most frequent pathologies and their management
       
  17. Orthopaedic examination in the school and adolescent age
    • spinal examination
    • leg length
    • joint movements
    • gait assessment
    • foot deformities
    • musculature
       
  18. Congenital deformities of extremities
    • club foot
    • congenital dysplasia of the hip
    • numeric deformities
    • amelia, hemimelia, focomelia etc.
    • congenital syndromes
       
  19. Congenital deformities of the foot (accept from congenital club foot)
    • pes calcaneovalgus congenitus
    • pes planus congeintus
    • vertical talus
    • tarsal coalition
    • pes cavus, pes excavatus
       
  20. Congenital deformities of the foot - congenital club foot (pes equinovarus congenitus)
    • etiology, risk factors
    • clinical manifestation (5 signs)
    • X ray appearance
    • conservative treatment options
    • surgical treatment options
       
  21. Acquired deformities of the foot
    • pes planum (clinical features, examination, plantigram)
    • conservative treatment
    • surgical tretment
       
  22. Static deformities
    • pes planum, planovalgus, subtallar dislocation
    • axial deformities upper extremity
    • axial deformity hip, knee, ankle
    • leg length discrepancy
       
  23. CDH - diagnostics
    • system of perinatal diagnostics
    • ultrasonography of the hip
    • clinical examination
    • X ray appearance (basic features)
       
  24. CDH - conservative treatment
    • types of CDH
    • reduction techniques (doubled nappies, Frejka mat, Pavlik straps)
    • safe position of the hip
    • overhead traction
    • retention techniques
    • risks
       
  25. CDH - surgical treatment
    • types of CDH
    • indications for surgery
    • X ray appearance
    • reduction techniques
    • postoperative management
       
  26. CDH - complications of treatment
    • misdiagnosis
    • complications of conservative treatment
    • complications of surgical treatment
       
  27. Aseptic necrosis
    • etiology and pathophysiology of aseptic necrosis
    • region specific aseptic necroses
    • clinical features
    • X ray appearance
       
  28. M. Perthes - conservative treatment
    • ethiology
    • diagnosis
    • clinical appearance
    • X ray appearance and classification
    • treatment options
    • complications of conservative treatment
       
  29. M. Perthes - surgical treatment
    • ethiology
    • diagnosis
    • clinical appearance
    • X ray appearance and classification
    • treatment options
    • complications of surgical treatment
       
  30. Coxa vara adolescentium (slip of proximal femoral epiphysis)
    • etiology, predisposing factors
    • clinical manifestation
    • X ray appearance
    • conservative treatment
    • surgical treatment
    • complications
       
  31. Skolioses
    • definition
    • types of scoliosis
    • clinical examination
    • X ray examination
    • treatment scheme (treatment options, surgical indications)
    • surgical options
       
  32. Kyphosis and other deformities of the spine
    • physiological appearance of spine
    • definition
    • diagnosis
    • types of kyphosis
    • Scheuermann´s disease, Bechterev´s dissease
    • treatment options
       
  33. Orthopaedic deformities of neurologic ethiology
     
  34. Orthopaedic treatment in pareses
     
  35. Orthopaedic treatment in cerebral palsy
    • definition, etiology, types of CP
    • clinical appearance of CP patient
    • conservative treatment options
    • surgical options upper extremity
    • surgical options lower extremity
       
  36. Systemic and metabolic diseases of bones - defect in vitamines and hormonal therapy
     
  37. Osteogenesis imperfecta - fibrodysplasia, osteopetrosis
     
  38. Growth disorders
     
  39. Inflammation of bones and joints
    • definitions, types of infections, classificatons
    • diagnostics
    • clinical appearance
    • laboratory changes
    • treatment algorithm
    • hip septic arthritis
       
  40. Specific diseases of bones and joints
    • types of specific infections
    • hereditary factors, vaccination
    • clinical appearance
    • diagnostics
    • treatment
       
  41. Rheumatoid diseases
    • pathophysiology
    • diagnosis, laboratory changes
    • clinical appearance
    • types of rheumatoid affections
    • specific localities
    • differences from osteoarthritis
    • conservative treatment (pharmacotherapy)
    • surgical treatment
       
  42. Skeletal tumours - types, principles of the treatment
    • types of skeletal tumours
    • biological behaviour of tumours
    • principles of treatment
       
  43. Benign tumours
    • biological behaviour
    • diagnostics
    • types of benign tumours
    • treatment
       
  44. Malignant tumours
    • biological behaviour
    • diagnostics
    • types of malignant skeletal tumours
    • treatment
       
  45. Tumour-like skeletal affections
    • biologic behaviour
    • types
    • diagnostics
    • treatment
       
  46. Enthesopathy
    • etiology, pathohistology
    • clinical presentation
    • specific localities
    • principles of treatment
       
  47. Syndromes of nerve entrapment
    • specific localities
    • diagnostics
    • treatment
       
  48. Osteoarthritis
    • patophysiology, biomechanic aspects
    • clinical appearance
    • laboratory changes
    • X-ray diagnostics (staging)
       
  49. Osteoarthritis - conservative treatment
    • clinical appearance of OA
    • X-ray diagnostics (staging)
    • pharmacotherapy
    • physiotherapy
    • balneotherapy
       
  50. Osteoarthritis - operative treatment
    • clinical appearance of OA
    • X-ray diagnostics (staging)
    • indications for surgery
    • principles of surgical therapy
    • types of surgical procedures (terminology)
       
  51. Osteoarthritis of the hip
    • clinical appearance of OA
    • X-ray diagnostics (staging)
    • indications for surgery
    • principles of surgical therapy
    • types of surgical procedures (terminology)
       
  52. Osteoarthritis of the knee
    • clinical appearance of OA
    • X-ray diagnostics (staging)
    • indications for surgery
    • principles of surgical therapy
    • types of surgical procedures (terminology)
       
  53. Osteoarthritis of the spine - back pain
    • spondylosis, spondylarthritis - etiology
    • clinical appearance
    • diagnostic methods
    • treatment (conservative, surgical)
    • differential diagnosis
       
  54. Instability of joints
    • terminology (hyperlaxity, subluxation, dislocation, instability)
    • acute/chronic dislocations
    • shoulder instability (etiology, diagnosis, treatment)
    • patellar instability (habitual, acute, chronic dislocation)
    • other joint instabilities
       
  55. Habitual and recurrent dislocation of joints
    • difference between habitual and recurrent instability
    • typical localisations
    • clinical examination, diagnostics
    • treatment
       
  56. Back pain - differential diagnosis
     
  57. Hip pain - differential diagnosis
     
  58. Shoulder pain - differential diagnosis
     
  59. Knee pain - differential diagnosis
     
  60. Pseudoarthrosis
    • bone healing
    • pathophysiology
    • types of bone non union
    • treatment options
       
  61. Algoneurodystrophic syndrome
    • etiology
    • clinical appearance
    • diagnosis
    • typical localities
    • treatment options
       
  62. Postoperative complications in orthopaedics
    • wound related complications
    • vascular complications
    • neurological complications
    • compartment syndrome
    • complications of arthroplasty
    • plaster related complications
       

Total number of questions: 62

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